Lists of Roman Names
The Praenomen was a Roman's personal name, only used among family and close friends. There were very few praenomina in use during the time of the Republic.
Some praenomina showed the birth sequence, and might be indicated just by using numerals - although there are indications that in some families the naming of sons would start with "Quintus", then continue to Sextus, etc.
The Nomen or nomen gentile was the second of the three names which a male Roman citizen usually had. It was inherited from his father, and showed clan affiliation.
List of Roman Nomina :
Acilius, Aebutius, Aelius, Aemilius, Albius, Amatius, Ambrosius, Annaeus, Anneius, Annius, Antonius, Apollonius, Arrius, Artorius, Asinius, Atilius, Atius, Aurelius, Autronius, Caecilius, Caedicius, Caelius, Calidius, Calpurnius, Cassius, Claudius, Cloelius, Cocceius, Cominius, Cornelius, Coruncanius, Curiatius, Curius, Curtius, Decius, Didius, Domitius, Duilius, Durmius, Equitius, Fabius, Fabricius, Fannius, Flavius, Fulvius, Furius, Gabinius, Galerius, Geganius, Gellius, Geminius, Genucius, Gratius, Herennius, Hirtius, Horatius, Hortensius, Hostilius, Iulius, Iunius, Iuventius, Laelius, Lartius, Licinius, Livius, Lucilius, Lucretius, Manlius, Marcius, Marius, Memmius, Menenius, Minicius, Minius, Minucius, Modius, Mocius, Naevius, Nautius, Numerius, Numicius, Octavius, Ovidius, Papirius, Petronius, Pinarius, Pompeius, Pompilius, Pontius, Popillius, Porcius, Postumius, Quinctilius, Quinctius, Rubellius, Rufius, Rutilius, Sallustius, Salonius, Salvius, Scribonius, Seius, Sempronius, Sentius, Sergius, Sertorius, Servilius, Sextius, Sicinius, Suetonius, Sulpicius, Tarpeius, Tarquitius, Terentius, Titinius, Titurius, Tuccius, Tullius, Ulpius, Valerius, Vedius, Velleius, Vergilius, Verginius, Vibius, Villius, Vipsanius, Vitellius, Vitruvius, Volumnius
The Cognomen could be hereditary, or might be given to someone as a nickname which then became hereditary. It indicated the branch of a clan to which a man belonged.
Aculeo - prickly, unfriendly; Agricola - farmer; Agrippa - born feet first; Ahala - armpit; Ahenobarbus - red beard; Albinus, Albus - pale, white; Ambustus - burnt, scalded; Annalis - relating to years; Aquila - eagle; Aquilinus - like an eagle; Arvina - fat, lard; Asellio - donkey keeper; Asina - she-ass; Atellus - dark-haired or dark skinned; Avitus - grandfatherly; Balbus - stutterer; Barba - beard; Barbatus - bearded; Bassus - plump; Bestia - like an animal; Bibaculus, Bibulus - drunkard; Blaesus - someone who mispronounces words, slurs his speech, stammers, or lisps; Brocchus - toothy; Brutus - stupid, dull-witted; Bubulcus - cow-herd; Bucco - fool, dolt; Bulbus - bulb, onion; Buteo - buzzard; Caecus - blind; Caepio - onion-seller; Caesar - cut, cut out of a dying mother; Calidus - hot-headed, rash; Calvinus; Calvus - bald; Camillus - a child who helps during sacrifices; Caninus - dog-like; Canus - golden-haired or grey-haired; Capito - big-headed; Carbo - charcoal; Casca - old-looking; Catilina; Cato - shrewd, prudent; Catulus - puppy; Celer - quick; Celsus - tall; Cethegus; Cicero - chick pea, garbanzo; Cicurinus - mild, gentle; Cilo - big forehead or large lips; Cincinnatus - curly-haired; Cinna; Cordus - born late; Cornicen - military bugler; Cornutus - horned; Corvinus - crow-like; Corvus - crow; Cossus; Costa - a rib; Cotta; Crassipes - club-footed; Crassus - fat; Crispinus, Crispus - curly-haired; Culleo - leather bottle; Curio - priest of a Curia; Cursor - runner, courier; Curvus - stooping, bent; Dentatus, Denter, Dento; - toothy Dives - rich; Dolabella - hatchet; Dorsuo - with a large back; Drusus; Figulus - potter; Fimbria - edge of clothing, fringes; Flaccus - floppy ears; Flavus - blonde-haired; Florus - light-coloured or blooming; Fronto - prominent forehead; Fullo - a fuller or launderer; Fusus; Galeo - helmet; Gemellus - a twin; Glabrio - a relative of Glaber; Gracchus; Gurges - greedy, prodigal; Habitus - in good physical condition; Helva - dun-colored hair; Imperiosus - domineering, dictatorial; Iullus; Labeo - big lips; Lactuca - lettuce; Laenas - a woolly cloak; Laenatus - wearing wool; Laevinus; Laterensis - person from the hills; Lentulus - slow; Lepidus - charming, amusing; Libo; Licinus - spiky or bristly-haired; Longus - tall; Lucullus - from lucus (grove)?; Lupus - wolf; Lurco - gluttonous, greedy; Macer, Macra - thin; Macula - a spot or blemish; Malleolus - hammer; Mamercus; Marcellus; Merenda - afternoon snack; Maro ; Mergus - sea-gull; Merula - blackbird; Messalla; Metellus - army follower; Murena - eel; Mus - mouse, rat; Musca - fly; Nasica, Naso - big-nosed; Natta - artisan; Nepos - grandchild; Nero; Nerva - vigorous; Niger, Nigra - black-skinned or black-haired; Novellus - new; Ocella - small-eyed; Pacilus; Paetus - squinting or blinking; Pansa - splay-footed; Papus; Paterculus - little father, daddy; Paullus - small; Pavo - peacock ; Pera - shoulder-bag; Pictor, Pictrix - painter; Piso - pea; Plancus, Plautus - flat-footed; Postumus - born after the father's death; Potitus; Praeconinus - related to a herald; Praetextatus - young (wearing the toga praetexta); Priscus; Proculus - born during father's absence?; Pulcher, Pulchra - attractive; Pullus - child; Pulvillus - small cushion; Purpureo - wearing purple or with a purplish complexion; Quadratus - stocky, squarely built; Ralla - a tunic of fine fabric; Regillus, Regulus - prince; Rufus - reddish, ginger-haired; Ruga - wrinkly; Rullus - uncultivated, boorish; Rutilus - reddish-gold hair; Salinator, Salinatrix - Salt-harvester; Saturninus - dedicated to Saturn; Scaeva, Scaevola - left-handed; Scapula - shoulder-blade; Scaurus - lame, swollen-ankles; Scipio - rod, staff; Scrofa - sow; Seneca - elderly; Severus - strict, severe; Silanus - nose, water-spout; Silo, Silus - snub-nosed; Stolo - shoot of a plant; Strabo - squinty; Structus; Sulla; Superbus - haughty; Sura - calf of the leg; Taurus - bull; Triarius - a type of soldier; Trigeminus - a triplet; Trio - one of the seven stars of the Plough / Big Dipper / Ursa major; Tubero, Tubertus - having a tumour or swelling; Tubulus - little tube; Tuditanus - mallet; Tullus Turdus - thrush; Varro - block-head; Varus - bow-legged; Vatia - knock-kneed; Verres - pig; Vespillo - Person employed to bury people too poor for a funeral; Vetus - old; Vitulus - calf or young cow; Volusus
An Agnomen was an additional name given under certain circumstances.
A Matronymic Agnomen might be used to indicate to indicate a person's matrilinear affiliation.
An Honorific Agnomen or "Conomen ex virtute" was awarded (or in the case of later Emperor's, taken) to commemorate some great achievment, particularly a military conquest or victory.
Aegypticus - victor in Egypt;
Asiaticus - victor in Asia;
Britannicus - conqueror of the Britons;
Hispanicus - victor in Spain, Hispania;
Magnus - great;
Maximus - greatest;
Pius - dutiful;
Sapiens - wise, prudent.
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