When speaking of this Book, its correct name is "the Second Book of Chronicles" (not the book of the second chronicles).
1 & 2 Chronicles were written after the return from the Exile in Babylon. They were intended to put the Jews back in touch with their spiritual and religious roots, and refresh their memory of the history leading up to the Exile. The Series then continues with the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah.
Note on differences in names between Samuel/Kings and Chronicles : during the Exile in Babylon the Hebrew language changed with respect to vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and even the way the letters of the alphabet were written. Hence the pronunciation and spelling of some personal and topographic names changed : eg. Araunah (II Samuel 24:18) became Ornan (I Chronicles 20)
Note on some of the names of the kings : Hebrew was originally written without any vowels. Only the consonants were written, and the reader filled in the vowels because he knew what the names were. However, with the passage of the centuries some of the names became ambiguous, and so we sometimes find two similar names for one person eg. Joash & Jehoash, Joram & Jehoram etc. Similar things happened with some Egyptian and Mesopotamian names, eg. Nebuchadnezzar or Nebuchadrezzar.
See the History Page for the reigns of the kings of Judah and Israel
2 Chronicles 1:5 - see Exodus 31:2 & 38:1
2 Chronicles 1:7-12 - compare I Kings 3:4-14
2 Chronicles 2 - compare I Kings 5
2 Chronicles 3 & 4 - compare I Kings 6 & 7
2 Chronicles 5 - compare I Kings 8:1-11
2 Chronicles 6:1-40 - compare I Kings 8:12-53
2 Chronicles 7:1-3 - compare I Kings 8:10-11
2 Chronicles 7:4-11 - compare I Kings 8:62-66
2 Chronicles 7:11-22 - compare I Kings 9:1-9
2 Chronicles 8 - compare I Kings 9
2 Chronicles 9 - compare I Kings 10
2 Chronicles 10 - compare I Kings 12:1-19
2 Chronicles 11:1-4 - compare I Kings 12:20-24
2 Chronicles 11:5-23 - details which are not reported elsewhere
2 Chronicles 12 - fills in details of the events reported in I Kings 14:25-31
2 Chronicles 13 - gives more details of the war with Jeroboam (see I Kings 15:1-8)
2 Chronicles chapters 14-16 - different details of the reign of king Asa than are given in I Kings 15:9-24
2 Chronicles 17 - details of the reign of king Jehoshaphat which are not given in I Kings
2 Chronicles 18 - compare I Kings 22:1-40
2 Chronicles 19 & 20 - more events of the reign of king Jehoshaphat. For battles with the Moabites, compare II Kings 3:6-27
2 Chronicles 21 - details of the reign of king Jehoram (compare II Kings 8:16-24)
2 Chronicles 22:1-9 - the reign of king Ahaziah - compare II Kings 8:24-29 & 9:16, 23 & 27-28
2 Chronicles 22:10-12 - compare II Kings 11:1-3
2 Chronicles 23 - compare II Kings 11:4-20
2 Chronicles 24 - the reign of Joash (Jehoash) - II Kings 12 records only the good things of the early days of Joash' reign
2 Chronicles 25 - the reign of Amaziah - compare II Kings 14:1-20. The account in Chronicles II explains what led up to the hostilities between the the southern kingdom of Judah and the morthern kingdom of Israel, and also fills in the reason for the conspiracy to kill Amaziah.
2 Chronicles 25:14 - "the children of Seir" were the Edomites, who lived in the region called Seir, to the south east of Israel (east of the Dead Sea)
2 Chronicles 26 - the reign of Uzziah (also called Azariah) - compare II Kings 14:21-22 & 15:1-7. This account gives more details of the reign of Uzziah, and explains the events that led up to his leprosy.
2 Chronicles 26:5 - the Zechariah mentioned here is not the prophet after whom the Book of Zechariah is named (the Book of Zechariah is later)
2 Chronicles 27 - the reign of Jotham - compare II Kings 15:32-38
2 Chronicles 28 - the reign of Ahaz - compare II Kings 16. This chapter gives an account of a raid by the northern kingdom of Israel which was not given previously.
2 Chronicles 29-32 - the reign of Hezekiah - compare II Kings, chapters 18-20. Here we have greater details of Hezekiah's reforms and restoration of worship in the Temple, and of his attempts to recall the northern kingdom of Israel to the worship of God
2 Chronicles 30:1 - "Ephraim and Manasseh" were the two main tribal areas of the northern kingdom
2 Chronicles 32:1-22 - the seige of Jerusalem by Sennacherib - compare II Kings 18:17-19:20
2 Chronicles 32:4 & 30 - at this time the water supply for Jerusalem (the Gihon spring) was covered over, and a tunnel was built or enlarged through the rock beneath the city. "Hezekiah's tunnel" still exists, and one can now walk along the stream bed under the city, to come out at the Pool of Siloam.
2 Chronicles 32:24-26 - Hezekiah's illness - compare II Kings 20:1-11
2 Chronicles 33:1-20 - the reign of Manasseh - compare II Kings 21:1-18. This passage gives details of Manasseh being taken captive to Assyria, and mentions his prayer (see the "Prayer of Manasseh" in the Apocrypha) and his return to the worship of God.
2 Chronicles 33:21-25 - the reign of Amon - compare II Kings 21:19-26
2 Chronicles 34-35 - the reign of Josiah - compare II Kings 22:1-23:30
2 Chronicles 35:25 - Jeremiah's Lament - the prophet Jeremiah (see Jeremiah 1:2); parts of this Lament may be preserved in the Book of Lamentations
2 Chronicles 36:1-3 - the reign of Jenoahaz - compare II Kings 23:31-34
2 Chronicles 36:4-8 - the reign of Jehoiakim (Eliakim) - compare II Kings 23:34-24:6
2 Chronicles 36:9-10 - the reign of Jehoachin - compare II Kings 24:6-16
2 Chronicles 36:11-21 - the reign of Zedekiah and the Fall of Jerusalem - compare II Kings 24:17-25:21
2 Chronicles 36:21 - the prophecy pf Jeremiah - see Jeremiah 25:8-11
2 Chronicles 36:22 - the prophecy of Jeremiah - see Jeremiah 25:12-13
2 Chronicles 36:22-23 - the return from Exile - the record of II Kings finishes before this event.
Copyright © 1999 Shirley J. Rollinson, all Rights Reserved
Department of Religion
Portales, NM 88130
Last Updated: May 23, 2008